Children have rights The right to go to school Every child has the right to an education. Primary education should be free. Secondary and higher education should be available to every child. Children should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level possible. Discipline in schools should respect children’s rights and never use violence. The right to be with their parents Parents are the main people responsible for bringing up a child. When the child does not have any parents, another adult will have this responsibility and they are called a “guardian”. Parents and guardians should always consider what is best for that child. Governments should help them. Where a child has both parents, both of them should be responsible for bringing up the child. The right to have fun It’s widely recognised that play, fun and relaxation have a hugely important role to play in healthy brain development and it’s often through fun new experiences that children have the opportunity to develop their emotional strength and resilience too. The right not to have to work like a adult Children have the right to be protected from doing work that is dangerous or bad for their education, health or development. If children work, they have the right to be safe and paid fairly. The right to go to a doctor The relative or family friend that is named may consent to a child’s medical, dental, surgical, developmental, and/or mental health examination or treatment, and may have access to any and all records, including insurance records regarding such services. The right to protection from sexual abuse Violence against children. Violence against children includes all forms of violence against people under 18 years old. For infants and younger children, violence mainly involves child maltreatment (i.e. physical, sexual and emotional abuse and neglect) at the hands of parents and other authority figures. The right to be protected from drugs The children should be protected from the effects of a parent’s drug use and that their lives shouldn’t be made more difficult because of it. The right to be live and grow in safety The right to not recruited as a soldier or to fight in a conflict In some conflicts, commanders supply child soldiers with marijuana and opiates to make them “brave” and lessen their fear of combat. Furthermore, commanders may initiate child recruits by forcing them to witness or commit abuses and killings in order to desensitize them to violence Children with disabilities Every child with a disability should enjoy the best possible life in society. Governments should remove all obstacles for children with disabilities to become independent and to participate actively in the community. Children who are adopted When children are adopted, the most important thing is to do what is best for them. If a child cannot be properly looked after in their own country – for example by living with another family – then they might be adopted in another country. Refugee children Children who move from their home country to another country as refugees (because it was not safe for them to stay there) should get help and protection and have the same rights as children born in that country.